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Project description

The project

In the MORE3 project, IDEA Consult and its partners have supported the European Commission (DG Research and Innovation) in the evidence-based policy development on the research profession in Europe. We have provided up-to-date and internationally comparable data, indicators and analysis focused on the mobility, career paths, working conditions and remuneration of researchers in Europe.

We have taken the opportunity to consolidate the MORE1 and MORE2 results and further identify new indicators that meet emerging policy needs and priorities. As in MORE2, not only patterns, motives and barriers of mobility, but also the effects of mobility for individual researchers were analysed. Dual positions, virtual mobility, short term mobility and collaboration in relation to international mobility were mapped and the motivating factors and barriers for intersectoral mobility disclosed. New in MORE3 is the growing attention to policies for young researchers and for open science, open innovation and openness to the world. These developments are reflected in the analysis and indicators.


The study

The study consists of two large-scale surveys and an international indicator report based on a combination of existing data in secondary sources and new indicators from the surveys:


  1. The EU HE survey (May-June 2016):
    A survey of more than 10,000 individual researchers currently working in the EU (28 Member States + 3 Associated Countries) in higher education institutions (HEI).
    The survey addressed researchers with both EU and non-EU citizenship. It also included researchers who have been mobile outside the EU but have returned to work now in the EU. It did not include EU and non-EU researchers who are currently working outside the EU. The sampling and survey strategy guarantee representative data at country level.


  1. The global survey (March-June 2017):
    A large scale survey of individual researchers currently working outside the EU (28 Member States and 3 Associated Countries). The survey addressed both researchers in higher education institutes and researchers who work outside higher education institutes (public or government sector, private not-for-profit sector and firms). The survey included i) EU researchers currently working outside the EU, ii) non-EU researchers who have worked in the EU in the past, iii) non-EU researchers who have not worked in the EU but who have been internationally mobile elsewhere and iv) non-EU researchers who have not been mobile at all.


  1. The set of internationally comparable indicators:
    A set of 25-30 key indicators on researchers, their careers and mobility was developed and presented in colour-coded scorecards for quick reference to the main indicators on the topic.


A comprehensive report on each of the surveys and the international indicators is made available under "Deliverables" and on the Euraxess Policy Library.

Another deliverable is an indicator tool where the main indicators from the EU HE surveys in both MORE2 and MORE3 can be downloaded per country, gender, field of science, career stage and year (2012, 2016).

The MORE1 and MORE2 reports are currently still available on the website of the European Commission: Euraxess Policy Library